What Is IPC Section 463
According to the section 463-” [Whoever makes any false documents or false electronic record or part of a document or electronic record, with intent to cause damage or injury], to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or title, or to cause any person to part with property, or to enter into any express or implied contract, or with intent to commit fraud or that fraud may be committed, commits forgery.”
What Is IPC Section 464
A person is said to make a false document or false electronic record— First —Who dishonestly or fradulently—
- makes, signs, seals or executes a document or part of a document;
- makes or transmits any electronic record or part of any electronic record;
- affixes any 342 [electronic signature] on any electronic record;
- makes any mark denoting the execution of a document or the authenticity of the 342(electronic signature)
Also read :- Section 65, Tampering with computer source Documents
Examples For IPC Section 464
- A has a letter of credit upon B for rupees 10,000 written by Z. A, in order to defraud B, adds a cipher to the 10,000, and makes the sum 1,00,000 intending that it may be believed by B that Z so wrote the letter. A has committed forgery.
- A, without Z ‘s authority, affixes Z ‘s seal to a document purporting to be a conveyance of an estate from Z to A, with the intention of selling the estate to B, and thereby of obtaining from B the purchase-money. A has committed forgery.
- A picks up a cheque on a banker signed by B, payable to bearer, but without any sum having been inserted in the cheque. A fraudulently fills up the cheque by inserting the sum of ten thousand rupees. A commits forgery.
- A leaves with B, his agent, a cheque on a banker, signed by A, without inserting the sum payable and authorizes B to fill up the cheque by inserting a sum not exceeding ten thousand rupees for the purpose of making certain payment. B fraudulently fills up the cheque by inserting the sum of twenty thousand rupees. B commits forgery.Also read :- Section 70 of it act, Un-authorized access to protected system.
- A draws a bill of exchange on himself in the name of B without B ‘s authority, intending to discount it as a genuine bill with a banker and intending to take up the bill on its maturity. Here, as A draws the bill with intent to deceive the banker by leading him to suppose that he had the security of B, and thereby to discount the bill, A is guilty of forgery.
Z ‘s will contains the these words—“I direct that all my remaining property be equally divided between A, B and C .” A dishonestly scratches out B ‘s name, intending that it may be believed that the whole was left to himself and C. A has committed forgery.
- A endorses a Government promissory note and makes it payable to Z or his order by writing on the bill the words “Pay to Z or his order” and signing the endorsement. B dishonestly erases the words “Pay to Z or his order”, and thereby converts the special endorsement into a blank endorsement. B commits forgery.
- A sells and conveys an estate to Z. A afterwards, in order to defraud Z of his estate, executes a conveyance of the same estate to B, dated six months earlier than the date of the conveyance to Z, intending it to be believed that he had conveyed the estate to B before he conveyed it to Z. A has committed forgery.
Z dictates his will to A. A intentionally writes down a different legatee from the legatee named by Z, and by representing to Z that he has prepared the will according to his instructions, induces Z to sign the will. A has committed forgery.
- A writes a letter and signs it with B ‘s name without B ‘s authority, certifying that A is a man of good character and in distressed circumstances from unforeseen misfortune, intending by means of such letter to obtain alms from Z and other persons. Here, as A made a false document in order to induce Z to part with property. A has committed forgery.
- A without B ‘s authority writes a letter and signs it in B ‘s name certifying to A ‘s character, intending thereby to obtain employment under Z. A has committed forgery in as much as he intended to deceive Z by the forged certificate, and thereby to induce Z to enter into an express or implied contract for service.
Punishment For IPC Section 463
Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
Punishment For IPC Section 464
The accused shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Also read :- IPC Section 463-Forgery, 464-Making a false document