Types Of Cyber law
First, you should know about the cyber law “Cyber law in also known as the internet law. It means that cyber law protect us from cyber crimes like DDoS attacks. Botnets, Identity Theft, Cyberstalking, Social Engineering, PUPs, Phishing, Prohibited/Illegal Content. Cyber law is a legal system designed to deal with the Internet, computing, Cyberspace, and related legal issues. The Cyber Law is ‘paper laws’ in the ‘paperless world.”
Now, we are discuss about the types of cyber law. Cyber law has many types of purpose. Some laws create rules for how individuals and companies may use computers and the internet, while some laws protect people from becoming the victims of crime through unscrupulous activities on the internet. There are some major types of cyber law-
Computer fraud is a cyber crime, in this crime the attacker use the data of a computer to gain unlawful use of a computer or system.
In the United States, there are many cases of computer fraud. Distributing hoax emails, Accessing unauthorized computers, engaging in data mining via spyware and malware, hacking into computer systems to illegally access personal information, such as credit cards or Social Security numbers, sending computer viruses or worms with the intent to destroy or ruin another party’s computer or system are included in computer fraud.
Copyright breach is the rights afforded to the copyright holder. The internet has made copyright violations easier. Copyright was easy in the earlier days. Both companies and individuals need lawyers to bring actions to impose copyright protections. It takes under the cyber crime.
The United States Copyright Office is responsible for accepting new applications or claims for copyrights, which totaled more than 520,000 in 2018 alone.
Defamation is the way to spoil someone’s reputation by a false publication, tending to bring the person into disrepute. It is limited, in its varieties, only human invention.
In some courts, defamation is also treated as a crime. The United Nations Human Rights Committee ruled in 2012 that the libel law of one country, the Philippines, was inconsistent with Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as well as urging that “State parties should consider the decriminalization of libel”. In Saudi Arabia, defamation of the state, or a past or present ruler, is punishable under terrorism legislation.
Harassment And Stalking
Cyberbullying is also known as cyberharassment. It is the way to bullying or harass people online. Cyberbullying is increasing continuously among the teenagers because the technology is become advance day by day. Cyberbullying is when someone, typically a teenager, bullies or harasses others on the internet and other digital spaces, particularly on social media sites.
Posting rumors, threats, sexual remarks, a victims’ personal information, or pejorative labels Bullying or harassment any many more are included in cyberbullying. The victims of cyberbullying may experience lower self-respect, increased suicidal ideation and thought various negative vibes like scared, frustrated, angry, or depressed.
According to the latest research, the 58 percent of kids admit to receiving hurtful comments online. About 75 percent of students have visited a website bashing another student, while about 70 percent of students report seeing frequent bullying online.
Freedom Of Speech
Freedom of speech is an important area of cyber law. Even though cyber laws forbid certain behaviors online, freedom of speech laws also allow people to speak their minds. Cyber lawyers must advise their clients on the limits of free speech, including laws that prohibit obscenity.
The right to freedom of expression is recognized as a human right under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and recognized in international human rights law in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Article 19 of the UDHR states that “everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference” and “everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice.”
Trade secrets are a type of intellectual property that comprise formulas, practices, processes, designs, instruments, patterns, or compilations of information that have inherent economic value because they are not generally known or readily ascertainable by others, and which the owner takes reasonable measures to keep secret. In some jurisdictions, such secrets are referred to as confidential information.
For example, Google and other online search engines spend lots of time developing the algorithms that produce search results. They also spend a great deal of time developing other features like maps, intelligent assistance and flight search services to name a few. Cyber laws help these companies to take legal action as necessary in order to protect their trade secrets.